Government Schemes in Agriculture
Farmers have started agitation against agricultural laws at the Delhi border. This movement is being done to repeal the three agricultural laws passed by the government. Farmers’ agricultural laws have some problems on the issue of MSP, mandi, and contract farming, which is also reasonable to some extent. The central government is constantly being accused of ignoring farmers. But there are many schemes run by the central government, in which the farmer can take advantage and double his profit. These schemes are designed to take Prime Minister Modi’s resolve to fulfillment so that by 2022 Doubling Farmers’ Income can be doubled. So let’s know about some agricultural schemes launched for farmers …
1.Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
The prime objective of the Prime Minister’s Crop Insurance Scheme (PMFBY) is to save from the economic losses from natural disasters. These natural calamities are drought, flood, landslide, pest disease, hail, natural fire, and hail in standing crops, etc. To avoid these natural disasters, farmers can get their crops insured. This scheme provides a guarantee of safety in case of damage to the natural disasters of the crop during all activities from crop sowing to post harvest. This scheme is designed to provide compensation in addition to field-based losses, even if there are farm-based losses. If crops standing on the notified area are destroyed due to inevitable reasons like natural fire, lightning, storm, hail, cyclone, tornado, hurricane, tornado, flood, inundation, waterlogging, landslide, drought, insect attack, disease, etc. then against yield loss Insured farmers of that entire area are entitled to insurance claims.
Under this insurance scheme, a premium of 1.5 percent has been fixed for rabi crops and 5 percent for horticultural crops, which the farmer has to pay to the insurance company, the remaining premium will be paid by the government so that crop loss in any type of natural calamities. For this, the full insured amount should be provided to the farmers. Farmers who have not availed loans, insurance application form, Aadhar card, bank passbook (diary), land ownership certificate or document of tenant or partner farmer, sowing certificate and declaration letter in Kisan Bank, Cooperative Society and Public Service Center Can be insured by giving(Government Schemes in Agriculture)
How to take advantage of PMFBY: How to take advantage of PMFBY: Farmer can contact the nearest bank, Primary Agricultural Credit Society, Office of Agriculture Department, representative of the insurance company to get registration or enrollment in the Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme. Or by clicking on the Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme website www.pmfby.gov.in or the Mobile App of the Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme (https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=in.farmguide.farmerapp. Central) can also apply for more information and insurance.
2. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Nidhi Yojana (PM-Kisan Samman Nidhi)
This scheme was started by the Central Government in the year 2018. Under this scheme, 6000 rupees are being given to the farmers every year as minimum income support. Due to this, about 12 crore small and marginal farmers of the country are getting this amount. Recently, the government has made preparations to give the seventh installment of the Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme. Which will start coming in the farmers’ accounts from December 1. In the last 23 months, the Modi government has given more than Rs 95 crore to about 11.17 crore farmers in the bank accounts of farmers through direct benefit transfer. Under this scheme, 6000 rupees are given to the farmer in three installments of two thousand every year. Earlier, those farmers used to get 2 hectares of cultivable land, but now this obligation has been abolished.
Take advantage of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Nidhi Yojana (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Nidhi Yojana):
The status of the application can be known through the website. For this, click on the website https://pmkisan.gov.in/. After this, go to the menu bar on the home page. Here the option of ‘Farmer Corner’ will appear. Click on Beneficiary Status here. Now on this page, 3 options will appear to know the status of your application, which will be the Aadhaar number, account number, and mobile number. You have to click on one of these. After this, put the number in it and click on Get Data. In this way, you can see the status of your application. To see the list of beneficiaries, you can check the Beneficiary list on the official website of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme https://pmkisan.gov.in/.
3. Neem Coated Urea
Government Schemes in Agriculture:– Farmers of the country were facing a lot of difficulties for urea. In order to prevent smuggling and black marketing of urea, the central government decided in 2015 to make urea 100% neem coated. In the year 2015, the government made it mandatory for the entire production of urea in the country to be neem coated, which prevented industrial use and black marketing with neem coating urea.
4. Prime Minister Kisan Maandhan Yojana (Prime Minister Kisan Maandhan Yojana)
In September 2019, the Center launched a pension scheme for small and marginal farmers of India. Under this pension scheme, about 5 crore marginal farmers will get a pension of a minimum of three thousand rupees per month after the age of 60 years. It is eligible to apply with an age limit of 18 to 40 years. Under this scheme, farmers are required to contribute a monthly contribution of 55 to 200 rupees to the pension fund till the age of 60 years. So far, about 20 lakh farmers have been connected to this scheme.
How to take advantage of PM Kisan Maandhan:
With the opening of an account under the PM Kisan Manandhan Yojana, registration is also done automatically in the PM Kisan Mandhan Yojana (PM Kissan Mandhan Yojana). Under this scheme, financial assistance is given in 3 installments of 2 thousand rupees in a year. Along with this, 3 thousand rupees are given a pension every month. In this way, there is a benefit of at least 36 thousand rupees as a pension in a year. You can get more information about this on the official website of PM Kisan Yojana https://pmkmy.gov.in/. (Government Schemes in Agriculture)
5. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
The scheme was launched on 1 July 2015. The goal of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana is to increase the scope of the irrigated area to provide water to every farm and to increase the efficiency of water use and to get more crop per drop. This goal is being done holistically on source creation, distribution, management, implementation, and extension activities.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development is implementing this scheme jointly. Under this scheme, the government is giving subsidy on equipment and schemes that can save water. For this, the government is giving subsidy for drip and sprinkler irrigation system to the farmers. For more information, the official website https://pmksy.gov.in/ can be clicked. (Government Schemes in Agriculture)
6. National Agricultural Market (e-NAM)
The National Agricultural Market Scheme of 14 April 2016 was launched by the Prime Minister. The National Agricultural Market is a national level electronic portal based market, created by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. This gives the farmers a transparent platform to sell their produce. The scheme provides an online portal for the electronic trading of farmers. It is completely transparent and it has a system to provide farmers with the most competitive price for their produce.
Till now, farmers have traditionally been selling their produce either at government procurement centers or they are falling prey to arbitrariness in the open market. Farmers are unable to sell the crop from one state to another because the mandi laws of the states do not allow it. Forcing the farmer to sell his crop at one and a quarter of the price in his own state. To tackle this situation, the establishment of the National Agricultural Market (e-Naam) has been given a place in its seven-point action plan.
All the agricultural mandis of the country have been linked to each other under the e-name, where the farmer can sell his produce. With the objective of ensuring the best prices for farmers, 1000 mandis in 18 states have been directly connected to the e-Naam platform. Currently, about 1.68 crore farmers, 1.28 lakh traders, and 942 FPO (Farmer Producer Organization) registered in e-name can sell their goods at home. Under the scheme, the budget has been increased to create the necessary infrastructure in integrated regulated markets.
How to take advantage of the scheme: To join the e-name, one can register by clicking on the website https://www.enam.gov.in/web/. The farmer will see an option for registration. Whose selection will have to be given by the e-mail ID of the farmer? Login email and password will be sent through this e-mail. You can then register on your e-name website https://www.enam.gov.in/web/ and register with your KYC document. After this, the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) will approve your KYC. And now you will be able to start your business. You can get more information related to registration at https://enam.gov.in/web/resources/registration-guideline.