Liver Fibrosis (Causes, Symptoms, Prevention)

liver fibrosis

The liver is an important part of our body. It plays an important role in digesting food and detoxifying the body. Apart from this, the liver has many important contributions to our body. But due to the wrong diet and increasing pollution these days, many types of problems related to the liver are happening. One of these problems is liver fibrosis. This problem occurs to any person when there is any kind of injury or inflammation in the liver. Today in this article we will know in detail about the causes, stages, symptoms, and methods of prevention of liver fibrosis.

What is Liver Fibrosis?

Liver fibrosis is a condition in which lesions form on the healthy tissues of the liver. In this condition, the liver is unable to function properly. The injured tissues of a person suffering from this condition obstruct blood flow inside the liver. Due to this the healthy cells of the liver start getting destroyed.

The first stage of liver damage is called liver fibrosis. If the liver becomes more damaged than this condition is called liver cirrhosis. It is a serious liver disease. In this situation, the patient may have to undergo a liver transplant. However, with the help of lifestyle changes and certain medications, liver fibrosis can be prevented from progressing to liver cirrhosis.

Liver Fibrosis
All image source:- freepik

Liver Fibrosis Symptoms

In the early stages of liver fibrosis, it becomes difficult to detect this problem. Because the symptoms of liver fibrosis are not visible until the liver damage starts. When liver damage starts, then some of its symptoms start appearing in the body like-

  • loss of appetite
  • having jaundice
  • vomiting and nausea
  • sudden loss of body weight
  • feeling weak and tired
  • abdominal pain and bloating
  • loss of thinking ability
  • gas in stomach
  • itchy skin

If you see such symptoms in the body, contact the doctor immediately. So that the liver can be saved from damage in time. However, keep in mind that in many cases the symptoms of liver fibrosis do not appear immediately. Therefore, be careful about protecting the liver.

Liver Fibrosis Causes

The risk of liver fibrosis is high if there is any kind of injury to the liver. Apart from this, it can occur due to some other reasons like-

  • Genetic cause
  • Liver infection
  • Smoking and Drinking too much
  • Diabetic patient
  • Excess body weight
  • Viral Hepatitis B and C
  • Individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
  • Alcoholic liver disease
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • An excessive amount of iron in the body

If you have any kind of problem in the liver, get your proper treatment. So that the liver can be protected from damage.

Diagnosis of Liver Fibrosis

It can be diagnosed through a liver biopsy. It is a surgical procedure. In this procedure, the doctor can take a tissue sample. Apart from this, diagnosis can be done in other ways. like-

  • Transient elastography
  • Nonsurgical tests

Liver Fibrosis Treatment

The treatment of liver fibrosis depends on the cause of the fibrosis. Doctors try to provide relief in liver fibrosis by treating the causes of fibrosis. For example, if a person has this problem due to excessive drinking, the doctor may first advise that person to stop drinking. so that the healing process can be carried forward.

At the same time, if a person has non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, then efforts are made to reduce the weight of such patients. In which the doctor changes the diet of the patient. Also, some medicines and exercise can be advised to control blood sugar. At the same time, some may also recommend taking antifibrotics. However, keep in mind that if the person has reached the severe stages of liver fibrosis, the doctor has no option but to do a liver transplant. In this situation, the patient is immediately transplanted to the liver.

How to Prevent Liver Fibrosis

Make changes in your diet and lifestyle to avoid liver problems or diseases. So that you can be saved from any kind of serious trouble. For this, you can follow the following tips-

  • Avoid taking fast food and oily things in the diet. This type of diet can cause inflammation of the liver.
  • Do not smoke and consume alcohol. At the same time, keep a complete distance from alcohol during treatment. So that you can get better treatment.
  • Avoid consuming junk food, canned and preservative food. This type of diet can increase your problem.
  • Do exercise, yoga regularly. In order to keep the body fit.
  • Always try to keep the weight under control.
  • Keep blood sugar under control.
  • Follow only the diet plan recommended by the doctor or dietician.

It can be a serious problem. Therefore, do not ignore the problem related to the liver. At the same time, if any kind of change is seen in your body, then get yourself checked immediately. Adopt a healthy lifestyle. Take special care of the food. Stay away from alcohol and smoking. If you already have any kind of problem, then get your regular check-up done. In order to avoid the risk of liverfibrosis.


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