Common Definitions & Terms Used in Poultry
Broiler: It is a bird of about 8 weeks of age of either sex (straight-run chicks) with an average body weight of 1.5 to 2.0 kg with a flexible breast bone cartilage, pliable, and tender meat.
Candling: The process of a visual examination of an intact egg, by holding between the eye and a lighted candle or another source of light to determine the interior quality & stage of embryonic development.
Bill: The beak of a duck.
Brooder: Brooder is metallic or wooden equipment used for artificial brooding of baby chicks by supplying the necessary heat.
Capon: Capon is a Surgically castrated male under 10 months of age.
Clutch: Eggs laying by a hen on consecutive days without break are referred to as “Clutch’.
Cull: Unproductive hen
Culling: Elimination of undesirable bird.
Debeaking / Beak trimming: Removal of a portion of the beak. Desi fowl: Indigenous or native fowl.
Desnooding: Removal of snood in turkeys.
Downtime: Period between culling of one batch and introduction of a new batch of birds in the shed.
Dubbing: It is the process of removal of comb and wattles at day-old age with the help of scissors.
Egg tooth: The Small horny protrusion on the tip of the chick’s beak used to pip the eggshell when hatching. It drops off soon after chicks escape from the egg.
Green Duck: Green duck is a duckling, which is grown rapidly and marketed from 9 to 16 weeks of age.
Hatchery: A building where incubators are kept for hatching purposes. Layer. A mature female fowl kept for egg-laying purpose.
Livability: The Ability of individual birds to live and remain vigorous and productive.
Molting: Molting is the act or process of shedding and renewing feathers.
Pause: Interval between clutches
Photoperiod: It is a Period of illumination by both natural and artificial means.
Pipping: Pipping is the act of pecking the shell and shell membrane by the chick in order to break the shell and hatch out of the shell.
Roaster: A broiler was grown up to the age of 9-11 weeks to a bodyweight of 2.5 to 3.0 kg.
Rock Cornish game / Cornish game hen: It is nothing but a broiler of either sex grown up to 5- 6 weeks of age.
Snood: A small muscular structure hanging from the base of the beak in turkeys is called “Snood”.