Indigenous Cattle Breeds of India


Cattle Breeds


Definition: – It’s a branch of agriculture science that discusses the production and care of the domestic animal (cattle breeds, goats, sheep, etc).

Types of animal husbandry:

  • Dairy farming: It’s discussed with the production of milk with help of modern dairy technology. It includes milch animals like cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, etc. After milk processed to the obtained dairy products such as butter, ghee, cheese, cream, etc. It also includes the care and management of cattle.
  • Poultry farming: It’s discussed with raising and breeding of birds for commercial purposes for meat and eggs. such as chicken, gees, pigeons, turkeys.
  • Fish farming: The process of raising fish in the close tank (bio floc) and pound for commercial purposes. It fulfills the demand for fish in the market and provides employment.
  • Bee farming: Bee farming is also known as apiculture. In its bees’ colonies are raising by humans in human made hives for commercially fulfill the demand honey, wax and it also beneficial for the pollination in flower. The place where bees are kept is known as Apiary or bee yard.

Cattle Breed

Indigenous Cattle breeds:

Gir  Alambadi Deoni
Red sindhi Amritmahal Hariana
Sahiwal Bargur Kankrej
  Kangaynam Krishna valley
  Khillari  Ongole
  Umblachery  Tharparkar
  Bachaur Rathi

Milch Indigenous breed:


Gir cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Surti, Desana, Gujrati, Sorti, Kathiawari
origin Kathiawari district in Gujrat.
Breeding track Gir hills, forest of kathiawara, Junagarh, Bhavnagar, Rajkot, and amerli district.
Color Vary from shade black & white, red & white.
Body structure Forehead is prominent, convex and broadly. Ears are long give leaf appearance, Horne are curve and turning backward give half-moon appearance. Possess long tail (wipe like), body is well proportioned, well developed udder.  
Milk yield 1200-1800 kgs per lactation
Age at first calving 45-54 months
Average lactation length 515-600 days
Cattle Breeds

2. Red sindhi:

Red sindhi cattle
Red Sindhi
Synonyms/ Other Name Red Karachi, Sindhi, Mahi
origin Pakistan
Breeding track Haryana, Gujrat, Rajasthan
Color Dark red to dark brown, bull color is dark red, sometime white patches seen on dewlap and forehead.
Body structure Pendulous ear. Average height 116cm (bull-134 cm)
Milk yield 1700-3400 kg per lactation
Age at first calving 39-50 months
Average lactation length 296 days
Cattle Breeds

Note: – fat is around 4.5%

3. Sahiwal:

Sahiwal cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Lambi bar, Lola (loose skin), Multani, Teli, Montgomery
origin Montgomery district of Pakistan.
Breeding track Punjab, Haryana
Color Reddish dun or pale red, sometime white patches.
Body structure Short leg, muscular and heavy body, loose skin.
Milk yield 1400-2500 kgs per lactation.
Age at first calving 37-48 months
Average lactation length 300days

Indigenous draught breed:

1. Alambadi:

Alambadi cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Pullikulam
origin Alambadi of Dharmapuri district of tamilnadu.
Breeding track  
Color Grey, dark grey and black, white patches seen on forehead, limb and tail.
Body structure Medium size body, fore head and hump are prominent, muscular body, backward curving Horne, well developed hump, bull body weight-317kg and female-290 kg
Milk yield Not good milker, rarely use for dairy farming.
Age at first calving  45-54 months
Average lactation length  280-350 days


Amritmahal cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Doddadana, Jawari Dana, Number Dana
origin Karnataka
Breeding track Karnataka
Color Grey in color
Body structure Head is long and tapers towards muzzle, long  and sweeping horn ,end in Sharpe black point. Average height 50-52 inch,
Milk yield Not good milker,512 kg per lactation
Age at first calving 600days
Average lactation length 210-310 days  

2. Bargur

Bargur cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Lingaiys
origin Tamil Nadu
Breeding track Bargur hill in Bhavani taluk of Erode district of Tamil Nadu.
Color Brown in color with white patches.
Body structure Tapper Horne, body is medium.
Milk yield 250-1300 kg per lactation.
Age at first calving  515 to 600 days
Average lactation length 7 months.

4. Kangayam

Kangayam cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Kanganad, Kongu
origin  Kangayam (Tamilnadu)
Breeding track Dharapuram, Perundurai, Bhavani, Coimbatore district of Tamilnadu.
Color By birth red coat, but become grey at the age of 6 months.
Body structure Well developed hump, fore, and hind quartes. Eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them. Small and pointed ear. The neck is short and thick, broad backward.
Milk yield Poor milkers. 540 kg per lactation. 3.9% fat content.
Age at first calving 13 to 15 months.
Average lactation length 10 months (305 days)

5. Umblachery

Umblachery cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Jathi mandu, Mottai mandu, therkathi.
origin Tamil Nadu
Breeding track Nagapatinam and Thiruvarur districts of Tamil Nadu
Color Red at birth and then change grey during development. White mark on limb and tail.
Body structure Well-developed hum p, medium size body, height-135- 109 cm.  
Milk yield 494 kg per lactation. Fat content 4.9%.
Age at first calving 14 moths
Average lactation length 8-10 months.


1. Deoni

Deoni cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Dongarpati or Surti, Deccani, Dongari
origin taluks of Basavakalyan, Bidar and Bhalki of Bidar district in Karnataka
Breeding track Karnataka
Color found in three color variations (white body with irregular black spots, clear white with black color at the sides of the face, clear white with black spots on the lower side of the body.
Body structure head is masculine, alert, broad and slightly convex, thick and medium size Horne, muscular body. Udder is medium size.
Milk yield 1000-1200 kg per lactation. Fat content-4.3%
Age at first calving 35 months
Average lactation length 305 days

2. Hariana

Hariana cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Hariana
origin Haryana
Breeding track Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana
Color  white or light grey.
Body structure face is long and narrow with black, bright eyes and black muzzle., ears are small and Sharpe edge and close to the body. Long and slender neck. Male have largest hump. Horns are glossy and smooth and somewhat horizontal, growing longer, curving upwards and inwards in the bullocks.
Milk yield 1400-2300 per lactation, milk fat-4.3-5.3%
Age at first calving 40 -61 months
Average lactation length days

3. Kankrej

Kankrej cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name Wadhiar, Bannai, Vaghiyar, Nagar and Talabda
origin Kankrej Taluka of Banaskantha district in the state of Gujarat.
Breeding track Gujrat
Color Color varies from silver to gray to iron gray or steel black.
Body structure ears are large, pendulous. Hump of bull is well developed,  legs are particularly shapely and well balanced.
Milk yield 1738kg per lactation
Age at first calving 35- 56 months
Average lactation length 257- 350 days

4. Tharparkar

Tharparkar cattle
Synonyms/ Other Name White SindhiCutchi andThari.
origin Sindh district of Pakistan.
Breeding track Sindh, Punjab Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
Color Light grey color.
Body structure Medium size breed, long tapering face, well developed hump.
Milk yield 1800 -2600 per lactation
Age at first calving 38-42 months
Average lactation length 280-300 days

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